Install and play Minecraft on your Chrombook with our guide.

How to Play Minecraft on Chromebook – Updated 2020

Okay, so, you want to learn how to install and play Minecraft on your shiny new (or not) Chromebook.

Let me just tell you right now that it’s possible. And it’s pretty (somewhat) easy.

Last updated: 1/1/20.

This guide has been constantly updated throughout 2016 to 2019 (yes, I’m still updating this even now, and soon into 2020) to provide you with the most up-to-date information. So don’t be worried about outdated information.

As of version 1.4.6 (Pretty Scary Update), this method still works on an Acer CB3-131.

Everything following this guide should be working and up-to-date.

If you find a problem, please let me know in the comments and the guide will be updated to reflect any changes.

Also, if you find this guide useful, please consider sharing it with your friends so you can all play together =].

And be sure to check out the comments section if you get stuck. Likely, someone has already had the same problem and there’s already an answer.

Or if you have a question that you can’t find an answer to, just leave a comment.

Ready to play some Minecraft on your Chromebook?

Let’s get mining already! Those Diamonds ain’t gonna dig themselves.

How to use this tutorial

Play Minecraft on Chrome OS.
Follow this tutorial step-by-step and you should be mining in no time.

This tutorial is divided into three parts:

  • We’ll first go over some basic hardware requirements that your Chromebook must have.
  • Then, we’ll dive into a step-by-step tutorial that’ll have you mining for Diamond in a jiffy on your Chromebook.
  • And finally, we’ll go over some troubleshooting if you can’t get the game to work, and some performance tips so you can get the best experience possible.

If you already know the requirements to run the game, or if you already have it installed and you want to getter a better FPS, feel free to skip around.

This tutorial is definitely on the lengthy side, but it’s written in that way so you get everything you need in one place- and in detail.

For the most part, this guide should get the game running on your Chromebook if followed correctly (and no updates/changes break anything).

But remember, if you do indeed get stuck, check out the troubleshooting section and also check out the comments. A lot of helpful readers have left comments on getting around certain issues and problems (thanks to all of them!)

And if you really can’t get something working, leave a comment and I’ll try to help you out.

Okay, so are you ready to dig in?

Sound good? Let’s mine.

Choosing and buying a Chromebook to play Minecraft

Check if your Chromebook meets the requirements to play MInecraft.
Yes, you can play Minecraft on (most) Chromebooks. There aren’t really any strict hardware requirements to run the game.

A lot of people buy a Chromebook just for the sole purpose of playing Minecraft, believe it or not.

You’d be surprised. Just check the comments on this guide and you can see many different readers who’ve got Minecraft working on a variety of different Chromebook models.

With the game being so popular among the younger crowd, and the fact that these laptops are distributed in schools all over the nation, it’s like a perfect pairing.

These machines can run Minecraft pretty decently even if they’re powered by Intel HD graphics. The graphics processor is indeed onboard and integrated, but it has enough power to run Minecraft at playable frame rates.

Intel HD Graphics is capable of running the game at a smooth 30FPS and onwards even for older laptops. If you own an older model, you’ll likely have 2GB of RAM with an Intel Pentium or Celeron processor. This is decent and will run the game smoothly at around 30-40FPS.

Newer models are even better.

If you’re looking for a newer Chromebook, you’ll notice that a lot of the newer devices now come with 4GB of RAM. This is pretty much the new standard and it’s way better in terms of performance and getting better FPS out of your device.

They’re still loaded with Intel HD Graphics, but they have newer and faster chips so they’ll be able to run the game like butter.

If you’re looking to buy a laptop and you want it to be able to run the game smoothly, I’d suggest getting a Chromebook made in 2017 and beyond. This is because all models made in 2017+ have the ability to run Google Play Store apps by default.

They also tend to have much better specs than older versions and they’re updated pretty often even if it’s the same model in a series. The newer the better for playing games.

(Looking for the newest models that literally just came out? Check out this list of the newest Chromebooks on the market!)

This means you’ll be able to play Minecraft, install Play Store games (like Roblox and other Chrome Web Store apps and games. And you’ll be able to do it all with plenty of power for smooth gameplay!

Can you just give me a list of Chromebooks that run the game?

Antsy, are we?

If you want a quick list of some of the best models for playing the game, here they are:

  • Acer Chromebook 14 (CB3-431-C5FM)
  • Acer Chromebook 15 (CB5-571-C09S)
  • Acer R11 (CB5-132T-C32M)
  • ASUS Chromebook Flip C302
  • Lenovo N23
  • Acer 11 (CB3-131-C3SZ)

They each have their own features, pros, and cons, so it’s up to you to choose the one that fits your lifestyle.

If you’re lazy do some research (who isn’t?), you’ll be happy to know that I wrote little buyer’s guide that covers each of these models in detail.

But any of these models should work just fine for running Minecraft with ultra-high FPS and performance!

Newer is better

On newer models, you can run the game with a staggering silky smooth 60FPS.

For example, the ASUS Flip 2 which is powered by an Intel Core m3 processor. It’s also got 4GB of RAM to back it up.

These newer laptops have enough processing power and RAM to render the game without a hiccup.

If you happen to own a newer Chromebook, you should consider yourself blessed.

(Considering upgrading your laptop? Check out this list of the newest Chromebooks on the market.)

Look for the Intel sticker

If you are getting a Chromebook just for the purpose of playing Minecraft, I suggest you get one that’s powered by an Intel processor as it makes the whole process a lot easier.

If it’s powered by ARM or MediaTek, you may have issues getting the game to run.

These processors don’t have the ability to integrate with Linux, which is required in order to get the game working.

Which Intel processor specifically?

The majority of Chromebooks made by Acer, Asus, and HP are all powered by Intel-based processors.

Intel Celeron and Pentium processors are more than enough to handle Minecraft, however, upgrading to an i3 or i5 is a smart move if you plan to do serious gaming on your laptop.

Do a quick search on your specific model and check out what processor it has. If it’s any type of Intel CPU, you’re good to go. I’ve also compiled a list of some cheap Chromebooks under $200, and most of them can run Minecraft provided it uses an Intel CPU.

There are some models that are powered by ARM processors, and may not work with this tutorial, let alone be able to run Minecraft with any tutorial unless some hardcore system tweaking is performed. These are usually found in Samsung Chromebooks, so these should be avoided.

However, for the majority of users, this guide should work well.

The most popular models are all powered by an Intel processor, mainly Celeron with Intel HD graphics, so this guide should apply to the majority of users who want to play Minecraft on their laptop.

If you have a different processor other than Intel, I strongly suggest that you proceed with caution and note that that the following steps may not be applicable to your Chromebook. Tread carefully.

Linux (beta) feature

Newer Chromebooks have Linux built directly into the Chrome Browser! If you have this feature, you can skip the Linux installation part of this tutorial and go directly to installing the game!

But if you don’t, no worries. Just follow this entire guide from start to finish! If you get stuck, let me know by leaving a comment.

Installing Minecraft on a Chromebook

How to install and play Minecraft on a Chromebook tutorial.
Learn how to install and play Minecraft on your Chromebook with this handy guide. Step-by-step.

Okay, so now we’re getting to the good stuff.

A word of warning: You’ll need to have a basic understanding of operating systems and basic programming to use this guide.

Don’t worry too much about it, I’ll give you everything you need to know- including the lines of code (gasp).

But it helps if you understand what exactly an operating system is and what you’re doing by switching between them.

If you’re a total newbie, just follow the steps very carefully.

Watch out for the code

You also need to be very specific in your lines of code, because one incorrect character or casing can ruin the whole process and you may need to start over.

If you type in a command and you get an error, it’s likely that you typed in a wrong character. The code needs to be exact.

So be extra careful. Be meticulous. Make sure you follow every step. Skipping around isn’t such a good idea (unless you know what you’re doing.)

We’ll be working with Linux, which many users aren’t familiar with. It’s largely run by command lines, so it’s just something we’ll have to deal with.

I also want to let you know you are doing this at your own risk. It’s completely up to you to follow this tutorial so we’re not responsible for any damage, warranty voids, machine failures, the frustration, anger, or you tossing your Chromebook out the window.

Don’t be afraid if you screw up- just Powerwash it

I’ve only tested this method of playing Minecraft on a few machines and it worked just fine, but not every single Chromebook is accounted for.

But it should work for the majority that meet the hardware requirements in the previous section.

Also, don’t worry too much if you want to go back and start from the beginning because you messed up. All you need to do is wipe your Chromebook by doing a Powerwash and everything will revert back to factory settings.

Don’t be afraid to experiment. It’s very difficult to “break” your laptop.

But if you mess up at any point during the guide and you want to start over and just start from the very first step below and white bean machine to start over.

Grab your favorite energy drink, because you’re in for a crazy ride.

Enough warnings. Let’s get started already.

Here’s how to play Minecraft on a Chromebook

Alright, so the first thing you need to do is to enable Developer Mode on your Chromebook.

If you don’t know how to do this, read the guide.

Please read it if you’ve never enabled developer mode before as it’ll make the next few steps super easy.

Doing this will delete all your saved images, videos, files, and other data on your hard disk, so it’s important that you back up your stuff.

For those who’ve already done this before, or are technically-inclined, here’s a brief summary of how to get your Chromebook into Developer Mode:

Enabling developer mode on your Chromebook

Step 1: Copy all your personal files that you want to keep to an external storage device (such as an external hard drive, USB flash drive, or SD card)

You can also use the free storage provided by Google on Google Drive for this purpose.

Step 2: When you’ve copied your files, press “ESC + Refresh + Power” and hold it until your Chromebook reboots.

You’ll see the recovery screen, which may look kind of scary. But don’t worry. Just read it over and acknowledge it.

Step 3: Hit “CTRL+ D” to enable Developer Mode on your Chromebook.

You’ll get another confirmation message warning you that this will erase everything on your machine. Make sure you’ve already backed up your stuff. This is your last chance to do so.

The machine will now reboot and it’ll take about 15-20 minutes. Sit tight.

After the reboot, you’ll see a screen that says “OS verification is off” and the option to enable it.

Keep it off because we want to get into Developer Mode.

You can now wait 30 seconds, or simply just press “Ctrl + D” again to skip the wait.

Okay, now your Chromebook is officially Developer Mode enabled.

Now let’s move on to the next step.

Installing Crouton on your Chromebook

Install Crouton to get Minecraft on your Chromebook.
Install Minecraft on your Intel-based Chromebook with our guide.

So now we’re going to actually start installing Minecraft on your Chromebook.

This is the fun part. Did you take a sip of your drink yet?

Note that all of the following lines of code are case sensitive. So make sure you type the lines in exactly as you see them here.

And don’t include the quotation marks on any of the lines below as you type them in.

If you use quotes, your Chromebook will return an error and prompt you to input the line of code again. So please be careful.

Use the proper casing, spacing, and don’t include the quotes. (Seriously.)

Step 1: Get Crouton

You’ve probably heard of Linux before.

It’s the only way we can get the game to run with proven success.

By nature, Chrome OS (the operating system your Chromebook uses) doesn’t allow Java to run in order to lock down on security and make their platform super safe.

This is partly why Chrome OS doesn’t get any viruses, trojans, or malware.

So, in order to get Minecraft going, we need to run it on a platform other than Chrome OS. That’s Linux.

Linux is what’s going to run Minecraft on your Chromebook. It’s free, open-source, and very popular among a very specific crowd of computer power-users.

For those who are interested, Linux comes in hundreds of different distros and desktop environments. There are also tons of resources about Linux online.

Don’t worry too much about what Linux is. We just need it to run Minecraft since Chrome OS can’t run the game by default.

And in order to get Linux, we need something called Crouton. It’s basically a small app that installs Linux onto your Chromebook with ease. Just think of it as the installer for Linux.

After you’ve installed Linux, you’ll be doing running both Chrome OS and Linux simultaneously. This is called dual-booting.

You’ll have two operating systems that you can switch between with a keyboard combination on-the-fly. Isn’t that sweet?

Here’s another way to think about what we’re doing…

Think of it like this:

  • Crouton = Minecraft launcher.
  • Linux = Minecraft.
  • Xfce/KDE = Minecraft mods.

Do you (kinda) get now? Heh.

So, we need to get Crouton in order to get Linux in order to get Minecraft.

Let’s get Crouton then.

  • You can visit the GitHub page for Crouton here.
  • Or you can easily download Crouton directly here.

If you see multiple downloads on the GitHub page, the Linux version we’re going to be using is called “Xfce.”

I’ve also written a complete tutorial on how to install Linux on a Chromebook. If you’re having problems installing Linux using this guide, try referencing it.

Don’t know anything about Linux or Crouton?

Note: It’s strongly recommended that you check out the GitHub page as it contains some important instructions if you get lost.

It also contains other important code that you may want to include.

By default, I’ll be installing a version of Linux that’s bare-bones.

If you have a Chromebook with touchscreen support, you may want to take advantage of that and include the ability to use it on Linux.

This requires additional code that you can find on the GitHub page. There are also many other features you can install with your Linux kernel. It’s like customizing your install.

You’ll have a lot of questions during installation, such as what version to install and what parameters to use. Reading the FAQ page will answer a lot of your questions, and it’s written in easy to understand language.

If you have any problems installing Linux via Crouton, you may want to check out this page about some common issues and solutions to fix them. It’ll answer most of your troubleshooting questions.

Choose your Linux distro

After Crouton has been downloaded onto your Chromebook, the next step is to install Linux using it.

Note: There are 3 different desktop environments of Linux via Crouton you can download, and they’re all different mainly in resource usage, UI, looks, and design.

For this tutorial, we’ll be installing “Xfce” which is the most basic version of Linux. It runs the fastest but looks very plain and vanilla.

If you want something more flashy or with more eye-candy, then try “KDE” instead.

Simply replace “xfce” with “kde” in all of the following lines of code.

If you’re daring enough and want to try some other crazy Linux distro, there are plenty out there. You’ll just need to replace the code and substitute your distro in the right places.

If you run into any problems, please leave a comment so I can update the tutorial.

Also, make sure the file is in the “Downloads” folder.

Open the app launcher and look for the blue folder icon.

Click on it and look for the “Downloads” folder on the left-hand menu.

By default, anything you download from the Internet gets downloaded into the “Downloads” folder, so you shouldn’t need to change to anything in most cases.

If however, the file saved into one of your custom folders, move it to the “Downloads” folder. This will make your installation much easier to deal with, and the next few steps assume you have the file in the proper folder.

Install Linux with Crouton

Next, we’ll use Crouton to install the Xfce desktop environment.

The process is pretty easy and is the first few lines of code you’ll be typing in.

So if you get an error, double-check your spelling.

Again, if you want to use KDE, replace the following steps with “kde” whenever “xfce” appears.

Make sure you don’t use them interchangeably. They’re completely different Ubuntu environments and mixing them will throw an error.

Okay, so after you’ve downloaded Crouton, let’s move on.

Step 2: Press “CTRL + ALT + T” to open the command prompt.

This will open a new command terminal for you to punch in some code.

Step 3: Type “shell” and press Enter.

Step 4: Type “sudo install -Dt /usr/local/bin -m 755 ~/Downloads/crouton” and press Enter.

Then, type “sudo crouton -t xfce” and hit Enter. And grab on tight!

This will begin the installation.

I suggest that you plug in your Chromebook so it doesn’t shut off during this step (it takes a while).

If you want touchscreen support, want to add encryption, or otherwise modify, check out the optional code:

Optional stuff:

  • If you want to use your Chromebook’s touchscreen function within Linux, type “sudo sh -e ~/Downloads/crouton -t touch,xfce” and press Enter.
  • If you want to add encryption, type “sudo sh -e ~/Downloads/crouton -t xfce” and press Enter. You can also just add the “-e” parameter whenever you enter a Chroot to make it encrypted.
  • And if you want to add both encryption and touchscreen capability, type “sudo sh -e ~/Downloads/crouton -t touch,xfce” and press Enter.

There are a ton more commands you can use to customize your Linux installation.

You can also see this list of Crouton commands.

Did you get an error? Try again. Check your spelling and remember- don’t use the quotations.

Note: If you’re trying to install this on an Acer-branded Chromebook, you may want to add “-r trusty” to your command line as well.

You may get an error later calling for “qdbus” if you don’t do this.

Although, you can proceed without doing this.

But, if you get an error when you try to launch KDE (Step 6), come back to this step.

You’ll need to Powerwash your system to reinstall Xfce, so you probably want to save yourself some time and just add the extra command.

Another note: If you install Trusty, you may get an error later in Step 10.

Adding “-r trusty” will fix the “qdbus” error, but it may cause a Java error. Trusty is compatible with Java Runtime Environment 6 (JRE6), which is outdated by now.

The current version is JRE8, which you may have to force an update to later on (thanks to Greg for pointing this out).

This solution could possibly cause a JRE issue, but don’t worry. It’s pretty easy to fix.

Yes, this is confusing. And yes, it’s contradictory.

Just do this: I’d suggest first installing with “-r trusty” and see if you can get the game running. If not, then on your second attempt, try skipping the “-r trusty” option.

If you’re having issues, here’s a video that may help you out:

Now your Chromebook is going to automatically install Linux via Crouton.

This can take anywhere up to 30 minutes. Just sit tight. Watch some Minecraft videos to relieve your excitement.

Or just sit and jitter with anticipation. The choice is yours.

You can do whatever you want during the download and it won’t interrupt it, so don’t worry (as long as you don’t close the command line).

You can also browse the rest of this tutorial to see what’s coming up. (You’re halfway done!)

Step 5: After the Crouton installation is complete, it’ll prompt you for a username and password.

Go ahead and choose whatever you desire.

When you are entering your new password, it’ll be blank for the password field. This is normal. Don’t get confused! Even when you type, you’ll see no characters appear- that’s OK!

Write down your login information so you don’t forget it. This is very important because if you forget it, you’ll have to start all over.

Step 6: Now we’ll boot up our fresh installation of Linux on Chromebook.

Type  “sudo startxfce4” and hit Enter.

The Xfce splash screen will show, and then a little after your Chromebook will reboot with Linux.

You now have Linux and Chrome OS running simultaneously.

When your Chromebook boots up, it should be running Linux. Doesn’t look familiar? Don’t fret.

You can switch back to Chrome- well, actually you’ll have to for the next step.

  • To switch back to Chrome OS, hit: “CTRL + ALT + SHIFT + Back Arrow.”
  • And to switch to Ubuntu, press: “CTRL + ALT + SHIFT + Forward Arrow.”

Note: This is found on the top row of your keyboard– where the F1-F12 keys would be on a traditional Windows keyboard.

You’ll see a pair of Left/Right arrow keys on the top row. Don’t get this confused with the actual arrow keys used for scrolling.

Another note: Some users have reported that you need to press “CTRL + ALT + SHIFT + Forward/Back Arrow” to switch between Chrome OS and Linux.

Try this combination if the above doesn’t work. It seems to vary between models (when it really shouldn’t).

Are you getting a “qdbus” error?

Some users have also reported that they’re getting a “Could not start D-Bus. Can you call qdbus?” error.

Some models may throw this error when you try to launch up the KDE environment using the “sudo startkde” command.

If you get this error, you’ll need to reinstall KDE.

You’ll need to perform a Powerwash on your machine to get it back to factory settings and start over.

The exception and how to fix this error is easy- when you install KDE again, add “-r trusty” to the command line when you’re installing KDE (Step 4).

For example:

“sudo sh ~/Downloads/crouton -t xfce –r trusty”

This should fix the D-Bus error.

Step 7: Now that you’re back in Chrome OS, launch the Chrome Browser.

Go to the Minecraft official site and find the alternate download that reads “Minecraft.deb” (it should be the fourth one down).

You’ll find a few different versions on that page, other than the Windows versions:

  • Debian/Ubuntu – Minecraft.deb
  • Arch Linux – minecraft-launcher
  • Mac – Minecraft.dmg
  • Other Linux – Mincecrat.tar.gz

You’ll want to grab the “Debian/Ubuntu” version, which will let you get the .deb file and is exactly what we’re looking for!

Download it. It’ll save to your local hard disk.

A possible shortcut

There’s actually a way to skip the rest of this tutorial by doing the following steps. If this works for you, then you’re all set!

You can first try double-clicking the Minecraft.deb to launch it after it’s downloaded to start the installer.

The problem would be that because it’s a .deb file, you may not be able to open the file directly. This may require that you use some fancy commands to the magic for you.

But let’s give it a try!

First, let’s get the latest version of Java Default OpenJDK.

Type the following in the command prompt (“CTRL + ALT + T”):

“sudo apt update”

“sudo apt install default-jdk”

Test your Java version by using “java -version” and you should see something similar to this:

“openjdk version “x.z.y” ”

If you see that, you’re good to go. If not, try using these commands to get OpenJDK8:

“sudo apt update”

“sudo apt upgrade”

“sudo apt install openjdk-8-jdk”

Java not installing?

If you still continue to get an error, try using:

“sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade -y”

This will update the database of available packages, and update the packages themselves on Ubuntu.

Then run:

“sudo apt-get install openjdk-8-jdk”

Check your list of Java installations by running:

“sudo update-java-alternatives –list”

You should see a list of all the Java installations on your Chromebook. You’re looking for JDK version 8, which will run the game.

If you have multiple instances, you can set your default to Java 8 by typing:

“sudo update-alternatives –config java”

Then hit the number corresponding to the Java instance in the “Priority” column (should be the first one) to set your default Java version.

It should look (very roughly) something like this:

  • *1 OpenJDK version 7
  • *2 OpenJDK version 8

You’d hit the number “2” on your keyboard to select it in this example.

Then check your Java version once more with “java -version” to make sure you’re good to go.

You should now have Java on your machine!

Next, let’s install the game.

Move your Minecraft.deb file to any folder you want. Here I just left the file in my Downloads folder. Just remember where the file exists.

Launch the command prompt once again (“CTRL + ALT + T”), and type the following command:

“sudo apt install ~/Downloads/minecraft.deb” and hit Enter.

If you get an error, you’ll need to specify where the file exists.

Be sure to change the path to the folder depending on where you saved the .deb file. You’ll get an error if the system can’t find where the file exists. Change it as needed!

If that doesn’t work, try this:

“sudo apt-get install -f ~/Downloads/minecraft.deb”

Or this:

“sudo dpkg -i ~/Downloads/minecraft.deb”

If this works, you’ll be all set! This will install the game and you can launch it straight from Applications > Games.

And if none of this worked, you can try getting something like .GDebi if needed:

“sudo apt install gdebi-core”

“sudo gdebi ~Downloads/minecraft.deb”

After you get the game launcher up, follow the directions and install the game! If this worked for you, skip to the optimization section to see how you can make the game run smoother on your device.

Didn’t work?

Or you can simply continue with the instructions to get the game the old school way.

I’m assuming that you’re Minecraft account subscriber (i.e. you’ve purchased the game).

If you’re not, you’ll need to purchase an account. Cracked versions of Minecraft or other illegal copies won’t work on Chromebooks. Sorry.

Step 8: After Minecraft has finished downloading, switch on over to Linux.

You can easily switch back to Linux by pressing “CTRL + ALT + SHIFT + Forward Arrow,” and then “CTRL + ALT + Refresh.”

(Remember, the Forward Arrow is on the top row of keys on your keyboard, not the Up/Left/Down/Right arrows on the bottom.)

Now that you’re back in Linux with a copy of Minecraft, right-click your desktop with your cursor, and click on System and then Xfce Terminal.

This will open up a window with a black background and white text.

You’re going to enter the following commands in this window (yeah, more code).

Note: If you’re using KDE, click the KDE button on the bottom left of the screen- similar to where the “Start” button would be on a Windows computer.

Then type “konsole” into the search bar and you should see it pop up. Go ahead and click it.

Step 9: In the new window that opens, you should see some text that reads “sh-x.x$.”

You’ll use this to type in more code. Yay.

Step 10: Now we’ll make a new directory for Minecraft and get Java.

In the command terminal, type the following lines of code:

(Don’t include any quotations- and mind your spelling.)

“mkdir ~/games”

“mkdir ~/games/minecraft”

“mv ~/Downloads/Minecraft.jar ~/games/minecraft”

“sudo apt update”

“sudo apt install openjdk-8-jdk”

After you entered the last line, you’ll have to wait as Linux is now downloading some additional required applications.

If you get an error, don’t panic. Keep reading.

Note: If you’re using Xfce and the following step doesn’t work, try starting over and using KDE instead.

Some users have reported that Xfce didn’t work, but KDE did, so if you’re one of them, just wipe your Chromebook and start over.

But for most people, it should work just fine.

This goes with Iced Tea as well. You might want to try Ubuntu Iced Tea as it’s a newer version with updated packaged applications.

Getting errors?

If you’re getting errors, it’s likely due to the Java version being outdated.

Here are some common errors and ways to fix them:

Are you getting a “Package openjdk-6-jre is not available” error?

This error is thrown because we’re trying to install Java Runtime Environment (JRE) 6, which is considered to be outdated by now.

You can easily fix this error by typing the following:

“sudo apt-get install openjdk-8-jre” and hit Enter.

An alternative way to update Java

Open up the command prompt and type the following (don’t use the quotes, use only one entry per line, and hit Enter after each line):

“sudo apt-get install software-properties-common”

“sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java”

“sudo apt-get update”

“sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer”

“sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-set-default”

If you get this error:

“sudo: add-apt-repository: command not found”

Try this code:

“sudo rm -fR /var/lib/apt/lists/*”
“sudo apt-get update”

If you’re not getting any errors, continue with Step 11.

Still getting Java errors?

Another option is to install Xfce without the “-trusty” flag in the code.

Remember back in Step 4 there was a note about how you could get Java errors if you add “-r trusty” to the code?

Trusty is an older version of Ubuntu that doesn’t play well in terms of compatibility with JRE8 (it only works with JRE6).

All you need to do is simply Powerwash your laptop and make your way back to Step 4. But this time, don’t install Trusty.

Instead of installing Xfce with “-r trusty” back in Step 4, try the following line of code instead:

“sudo sh ~/Downloads/crouton -t xfce” and hit Enter.

And then make your way through Step 5-9. When you reach Step 10, add the following line of code after you type in all of the other code in Step 10:

“sudo apt install openjdk-8-jr” and hit Enter.

This will install JRE 8 on your device. This is the newest version of Java and should be compatible with Minecraft. It also offers some performance enhancements as well.

Still not working? Try installing Ubuntu Iced Tea…

Alternatively, you can install Iced Tea, which is a newer version of Ubuntu with the right Java version.

I actually recommend doing this if you’re getting any kind of Java error. I know for most people, this is kind of scary. But for those who are familiar with Linux, this option is worth a try.

You can download Ubuntu Iced Tea here.

Don’t be afraid to install it. It installs the same way as Xfce. You’ll just have to replace some words in your code. Remember how I mentioned that you can customize your installation earlier? This is where it can come in handy.

You can refer to this guide if you need help.

Step 11: After the downloads are complete, you’ll have to find where Minecraft is installed and add a new item to your menu.

Depending on the version of Xfce/KDE you have installed, it shouldn’t be that hard to find.

For most people, you can simply right-click on the kickoff button which is located at the very bottom left corner.

Note: If you don’t have the button, don’t panic.

You don’t necessarily need the Kickoff button to install the game. It’s nothing more than a launcher button (just like the Launcher button on Chrome OS or the Start button on Windows).

This seems to be something that confuses a lot of people. You can safely ignore this step if you don’t know where the Kickoff button is. All it does is add a shortcut to your desktop menus. This is NOT required.

The exact location of the button can vary depending on the Linux distro you have installed, and the version of it. If you can’t find it, don’t worry.

Just do a quick search on “how to add applications to menu.” (without the quotes, obviously).

For example, if you installed Xfce, you can search for “how to add applications to xfce menu” and you’ll find a healthy dose of tutorials online.

Just pick one and follow it.

If you’re running Xfce, you can reference this guide.

In essence, it’s pretty straightforward to customize your menu in Xfce:

Go to Edit Applications > Games > New Item.

Type in “Minecraft” in the new window, and then click OK.

You’ve just added a new quick-access item to your Linux menu. Awesome.

You should have another window pop up after you’ve added Minecraft. Don’t close this, as you’ll need it for the next step.

You’re almost done! Take another sip. Can you smell the Creepers yet? Or how ’bout them Zombie Pigmen? Or Diamonds?

Note: If you’re running KDE and your Chromebook doesn’t give you the option to edit applications, open another command window and type “sudo apt-get install kmenuedit” which will install an additional application to give you the option.

If you do this you’ll need to log out and log back in and then repeat this step.

Can’t find the Kickoff button? Can’t figure out how to add a new item? Can’t work the menus?

If you can’t get the game added to your menu, don’t fret. It’s completely optional.

You can still launch, run, and play the game using the command prompt.

It just may get annoying after a while, so that’s why I included some steps on adding it as an application shortcut- but again, it’s not required to play the game.

Step 12: In the new window that popped up, look for some blank fields.

Go to the command field and type  “java -jar Minecraft.jar” in the field.

Step 13: Click on the Advanced tab, and find the word path. Type “~/games/minecraft/” and then select the option to “run in terminal.”

Save and close the window when you’re done.

Step 14: Now when you launch the Xfce menu, you should be able to access Minecraft and add it to your home screen.

The icon will appear and you can launch it like a Windows (or Chrome) application.

The primary purpose of this is to make it easier to launch the game. You’re adding a shortcut to it so you don’t have to type in the code every time you want to play it.

Wouldn’t that get annoying rather quickly?

Double-click on the Minecraft icon and the game will run like just like you’re used to on Windows.

Again, if you run into any issues just leave a comment and I’ll see if I can help you out.

Congrats, you’ve just installed Minecraft on your Chromebook!

Treat yourself to some miner’s delights. Light some torches. Craft some pickaxes.

It’s Diamond time.

Couldn’t get it working? Want the best performance and FPS? Keep reading…

You can now play Minecraft on Chromebook!
You can now play Minecraft on your Chromebook! Congrats.

Differences between the Windows and Linux versions

The controls are identical, other than the missing keys on a Chromebook’s keyboard- but you can adjust them within the game’s settings screen.

Your profile settings, display settings, graphics, sound, FOV, rendering distance, mipmap settings, brightness, and other settings will revert back to the defaults, so you’ll have to reset all these settings.

However, since you’re playing it on a new device, you might as well go through them again quickly to optimize your experience.

You’ll also have to reinstall any mods you’re used to playing with. Yes, you can use mods on your Chromebook.

Isn’t that awesome? This means you use any and all mods that your laptop can handle. Thankfully, the majority of the must-have mods don’t require too many resources to run.

So you’re pretty much covered if you stick to these mods.

This includes some of the most popular Minecraft mods:

  • JourneyMap
  • Not Enough Items (NEI)
  • Bibliocraft
  • Carpenter’s Blocks
  • Pam’s Harvest
  • Biomes O’ Plenty
  • Twilight Forest
  • Inventory Tweaks
  • Thaumcraft
  • Thermal Expansion
  • ComputerCraft

No matter which modes you decide to install, I only recommend that you get Optifine (aka Fastcraft) to help increase performance on your laptop for sure.

The majority of Chromebooks are pretty modest in terms of performance, and Optifine will nearly double your FPS for smoother performance.

Newer laptops really do pack quite a punch and if you happen to own one, you could probably get away without it.

But if you own an older one, you should probably get the mod to get better framerates.

This will let you go caving, mining, hunting, exploring, and build your empire with silky, buttery smoothness. Wouldn’t that be nice?

Update: Some people have asked me about getting mods and the process of installing them. The process is exactly the same as how you’d do it on Windows. You’d download the mod and then drag it into the “mods” folder.

So the process is:

  1. Download the mod.
  2. Drag the file into the mods folder.
  3. Relaunch Minecraft.

When you launch the game, you should see the modpack show up. I know that you’re probably not familiar with doing this on Ubuntu, so if you get stuck, ask me and I’ll try to help you out.

Of course, the modpack must be compatible with Linux-based systems. If you’re trying to use something that’s weird, it may not work. Texture packs tend to work just fine, as long as it doesn’t overload your computer.

Increasing Minecraft FPS and boosting performance on Chromebook

Chromebooks can get about 50 FPS or higher. I’ve seen frame rates in the 100+ category on a Chromebook.

It really depends on the specific model and make you have. A lot of newer laptops have tons of power and should be able to give buttery smooth framerates and you’ll be able to traverse Mushroom Island without a hiccup.

High-end Chromebooks such as the Chromebook Pixel, Samsung Plus, ASUS Flip 2, and HP 13 have powerful specs that can run Minecraft with a higher frame rate due to a faster and more powerful Intel processor and more RAM capacity.

They feature processors like Intel Core m3, m5, i3, and i5 processors which are many times more powerful than Pentium and Celeron CPUs.

(Thinking about upgrading your Chromebook just to play Minecraft? See this list of the best Chromebooks for running Linux.)

If you plan to do some serious gaming on your Chromebook with Minecraft or any other game, consider purchasing a stronger Chromebook. It’ll be worth it instead of having to deal with lag or FPS drops on a maxed-out Chromebook.

However, for most Chromebooks, they’re loaded with your standard Intel Pentium or Celeron processor with 4GB of RAM. This will net you in the 50 FPS range.

Is it high? Not really. Is it playable? Definitely.

You only need about 30 FPS to play Minecraft without too much distraction from performance issues.

That’s seriously not bad for such an inexpensive little machine running integrated graphics.

You can try tweaking the game settings and turning down the stuff that’s not important to you to give yourself a little FPS boost. This is where you’ll get the most performance- by changing the settings. Turn off fancy graphics. Use a lower render distance. Turn off all particles. Turn off animations. Turn off clouds. Turn down mipmap levels. Turn off anti-aliasing. Turn off view bobbing and V-Sync. Turn down the resolution. Use as little rendering power as you can.

You can also close all the other apps you have running as well to reserve your RAM for Minecraft specifically.

And again, you can try using some mods like Optifine or plain 16 x 16 texture packs.

There are a ton of mods out there and texture packs that can help speed up your game by reducing resource usage. Some of these mods are made just for improving your performance, so you just need to hunt them down.

You can also try using a different version of Linux. There are some extremely lightweight ones that are built just for speedy response times and minimal resource usage. You can check out this resource for a list of them. This should also help increase the performance of the game and snag you a few extra frames.

Feel free to experiment so you get the best performance possible from your laptop. It’s always good to squeeze out a few more frames so you can hunt down those zombies with an arrow from 350 blocks away. Oh yeah.

Can’t switch between Chrome OS and Linux?

If you’re having trouble switching between the two systems, you can try the following troubleshooting tips to fix the problem:

  • Try using “CTRL + ALT + SHIFT + F1/F2” instead of “CTRL + ALT + SHIFT + Back/Forward Arrow”
  • Log out of Linux by using the “Log off” function every time
  • Restart the Chromebook

Can’t log in?

Sometimes Chrome OS will lock up when you’re trying to log in and thus can’t launch Linux. You’ll see that your username credentials change to:


To fix this, just use the command “sudo enter-chroot” and then “sudo startxfce4” or whatever distro you installed.

The reason you get this error is that you’re not running the command in the right place. You may be running the command from the Chrome OS shell, rather than the shell of the Linux install which will throw the error. The command enters the proper chroot.

Can’t get it to run?

  • Double (or triple) check your lines of code (this is the most common issue, type in the lines of code exactly as shown without quotes)
  • Did you use the exact password and username you created? (if it says your login credentials are wrong, it’s because they’re wrong; write down your password when prompted in the guide)
  • Did you enable Developer Mode? (you need to do this)
  • Did you restart your Chromebook when prompted? (it should be automatic, but if not, it’s important to restart)
  • Did you use the right arguments in the commands suited for your laptop? (if you don’t have a touchscreen, don’t use the touchscreen argument)
  • Did you try using Iced Tea?
  • Read the Crouton FAQ page (it answers a lot of common questions)
  • Read the steps thoroughly (it’s easy to skip an important substep)
  • Read the comments (you may find your issue there; thanks to those who posted helpful comments!)

Getting the game to run is hit-or-miss. After dozens of comments on this article, it’s apparent that some models will work and others won’t- even if they’re both exactly the same brand or have the same specs. It’s quite perplexing.

Even if two people both have an Acer, Intel CPU, 2GB of RAM, 16GB of storage, and the latest version of Chrome OS, one person may have success and the other gets stuck somewhere. It could be due to technical variation, but more likely it’s human error. Typing in lines of code into a black-and-white command terminal isn’t something the typical user is familiar with, therefore it’s easy to make a mistake.

It’s also quite extraordinary what we’re doing here- we’re trying to get a Java-based application to run on a laptop with an OS built to block such applications by using another OS which allows it. That’s the gist of it. Bugs, technical issues, and problems are just bound to happen. We’re pretty much going against nature here…in terms of Chrome OS. And it’s freakin’ glorious.

We’re bypassing some hard-coded software by building a workaround. It’s just pretty cool to think about. It makes you feel like a computer hacker.

If you can get the game running, you’re one of the few who made it. If not, you’re with the rest of us who are still trying to figure it out. With code changes, updates, and lots and lots of tweaking, it makes it both difficult and gives us a new window of opportunity at the same time to get this working.

I mean, we (everyone here) must all be hardcore Minecraft fans here if we’re willing to go this far just to play it on a Chromebook. Any breakthroughs or new findings will be posted here to help guide anyone who wants to give this a try.

Thanks to the fans and helpers in the comments who have contributed by helping others, suggesting alternatives, or posting new workarounds. These people have helped out (on their own time) and contributed to the discussion. I guess there really are nice people out there.

Got it to run?

Well, there you have it.

You’ve installed Minecraft on your Chromebook!

That wasn’t too hard, right?

To all the people that say you can’t play Minecraft on a Chromebook, just shove this guide in their face and rub it in.

Please share this guide if you found it helpful.

Now, go hunt for those Diamonds.

Dig in, Steve!

About Andy Z.

Andy is a casual-hardcore Chrome OS fan and contributes to the site regularly. He likes computers, tech, sports cars, videogames, and of course, Chromebooks. Thinker. Introvert. Geek. You can find him on Twitter (@platytech), or send him an email (

What do you think?

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Kayla Bowman
Kayla Bowman

would this work if my school computer is a Chromebook os and I think the brand is Lenovo


Thank you! Your instructions were very effective.


I typed in shell and it says ERROR: unknown command: “shell”


you have to put it into developer mode for this command to work.


um when i put the list of cmmands in it says crosh unknon command


And btw it shouldn’t take 30 minutes on the newer Chromebook models it took me about 7 minutes and I have a Samsung Chromebook plus V@


It is completely unnecessary to powerwash the Chromebook if things go wrong; if it happens restart the terminal and then type in “sudo delete-chroot [chroot name]”. This makes a huge difference. And then you can attempt to reinstall it.

Rodriguez Martin
Rodriguez Martin

Nice tutorial! I tried the Linux Beta way, and it seemed to work, but I came up with 2 questions/issues. When playing the game and looking around, my character seems to stop when my mouse hits the edge of the screen (in other words, the character does not keep looking around in a circle, they just stop). How would I fix this? Also, another issue I had was locating where to install mods and Minecraft forge, as a directory for Minecraft does not show up in the Linux beta files. Thank you for any support!


I had the same problem with the mouse.

Theo Burr
Theo Burr

I have installed crouton and got back to chrome OS. I am at the stage (Step 7) to reopen terminal and enter ”sudo apt update”. It returns “ERROR: unknown command: sudo”. I have tried entering “shell” before but this doesnt seem to work either. Any help would be massively appreciated.


wow i have the same issue


i put it in developer mode at 6:40.. it’s currently 7:18.. and it still says preparing system die developer mode at the very top it says exec of /user/bin failed:input/output error should i wait or what


man oh man. i did everything right i think up until where you said to make a shortcut or press the kickoff button and i have no clue what to do. i found the minecraft folder but its empty so i downloaded something like three times and i still dont know what to do lol. in step 11 you said edit applications but i dont know where that is and whenever i go to the folder it wont let me run it anyway. i have an asus chromebook if that helps.


this also happened to me, but I have an HP. it appeared as Minecraft.deb in my folder but I couldn’t do anything other than that


Go into your terminal and type this.
sudo apt-get install /home/whateveryouusernameis/Downloads/Minecraft.deb
There then search up minecraft launcher on your linux.

Bob Johnson
Bob Johnson

How do you install optifine if your using linux beta?


what i did was put the .jar into the mods folder and then ran it using “java -jar [file name here].jar


I think I got the game to load, after clicking in the launcher I get to the white screen that has the loading bar and says Mojang, but the bar stops loading at a certain point. How long should it take to load? Or perhaps there is something else I must do?


It just takes a bit.


Stuck in step 11, where it says “Can’t find the Kickoff button? Can’t figure out how to add a new item? Can’t work the menus?” It says if I can’t do any of those it’s ok but I don’t know what I’m supposed to do next. Step 12 says a new box appears but I haven’t gotten any boxes after Step 10 when I get back into Linux.


me too 🙁


Alright, after that shell command type “sudo enter-chroot” then “sudo apt update” new stuff has come up so I think that’s the solution


After I installed Linux, and went to install java, it doesn’t know the command apt, and it won’t do anything. Suggestions?

Olivia Heelan
Olivia Heelan

Hey andy! I can’t install Java. I’ve tried all the codes but it always says unknown command


That’s currently my problem too


In the comments someone else said to type “shell” before the command, so I typed “shell sudo apt update” but I can’t do anything after that


I have had an issue with my game where the camera stops moving and seems to be based around the screen borders, so when I turn, it just stops on a vertical line and when I look up/down, it goes to the toolbar on the bottom and the window tab on the top (AS if its not in full screen) how do I make this not happen and the camera act just like it would in windows?
Also, thank you for this tutorial. It helps a lot.


Never mind. I just found it in another comment.


thank you andy. this really did help!! been excited for this for a while and nearly everything in your guide worked wonders <3 thank you bb

still annabelle
still annabelle

It does have an intel processor btw


So I followed this mostly, I had to do some funky things to get java to work but it eventually did and I got to play for like 2 hours which was very exciting after all this work! So I logged out of linux and turned off my computer. The next morning the computer was back in chrome os! Everything I did was gone! So I redid everything but after playing this time I just moved back to chrome and turned it off, but when I turned it back on later it came up with a chrome os error! I… Read more >>


In my settings I have Linux (Beta), should i turn it on. Also do I need crouton for it, to play Minecraft on my chromebook


no crouton needed!




in my setting it says Linux (Beta) should i turn it on, and do i need crouton for it, if i want to pay minecraft


Hi, I’m on step 7 and can’t seem to enter the codes without an error message. When I attempt to enter the code “sudo apt update”, it will give me a message saying “ERROR: unknown command: sudo”. I’m not familiar with coding, so I’d appreciate it if you could help me out. Thanks!


The same thing keeps happening to me and I also need the help. Thanks 🙂


Same, I have an Acer Chromebook 11 CB3-131. I have the same problem as Sam.


guys, type in shell first.


it still says command not found, even after i type shell


i typed shell in first and it says
sudo: apt: command not found


me toooo

Minceraft I'm coming!!!1!
Minceraft I'm coming!!!1!

what if my chromebook alrady has linux. what part do i skip to to just install minecraft?

great guide, btw, super easy-to-read and helpful


All you have to do is turn on the linux beta, and install the .deb version from… most of this is pointless, although it might work better I haven’t tried it. But if you just want minecraft to run and don’t want to get into linux that much, turn on linux beta, and download .deb version of minecraft.


All goes perfectly fine, the java version is correct and everything, up until the sudo apt install part. Once I get there, no matter how many times I try with kde and xfce it tells me that it “can not access archive: No such file or directory” and “ Errors were encountered while processing…”


Hey Andy,
Awesome guide, it really did help me. I got everything down until Step 12. The entire guide was clear until this part. You told me I didn’t need to make quick access application but I can’t find the window you are talking about in Step 12 to type in the codes. Can you help with this?


I got all the way to the end but when i double click on the minecraft launcher it opens a clear box and then closes it right away. Can anyone help? Thanks!


I got to downloading minecraft.deb but now it wont let me type in “sudo apt update” it keeps saying ERROR: unkown command: sudo.


One: how long does it take (excluding the waiting periods)?
Two: my chromebook is Acer R11 (CB5-132T / C738T / CB3-132) . Would Minecraft run similar to the Acer R11 (CB5-132T-C32M) you put in your list for best options or would it be completely different?


Is it possible to read this guide while going the process on the same Chromebook at the same time? Or do I have to print it or something?


Ive tinkered my way to step 14. When I try to open the minecraft launcher, it opens the terminal and then immediately closes. Anyone else find a fix?


I added minecraft to the desktop but i cant find where to type the final commands. I cant find the kickoff button either so im not sure what to do.


So this tutorial has been perfect for me until i had to use the Kickoff button. After that i got lost and cant seem to launch Minecraft. Am i missing something. Someone Help Plzz!!


Hi all. Hardware acceleration is also broken for me using crouton. Now, Minecraft works well with “Linux Beta” on my Acer R11. Give a try. Enjoy.


I have, after resetting sta far too many times to remember, I have gotten into crosh and tried to do the sudo install command. The first time, it asked me for a password. I put the password in, and nothing happened. I put the command in again, and it still does nothing. Any similar experiences from anyone, and any fixes?


It is working until the end when I try to set up java – it is not recognizing apt – does anyone know why? Specifically, I type in “sudo apt update” and it says “sudo: apt: command not found”

Does anyone know why this is?


Hi so everything was good until step 8 : when i wrote konsole the terminal told me command not found. Can someone help me please ?


so i am stuck on this step and it says ERROR unknown command thisi s the stepType the following in the command prompt (“CTRL + ALT + T”): “sudo apt update” “sudo apt install default-jdk” Test your Java version by using “java -version” and you should see something similar to this: “openjdk version “x.z.y” ” If you see that, you’re good to go. If not, try using these commands to get OpenJDK8: “sudo apt update” “sudo apt upgrade” “sudo apt install openjdk-8-jdk” Java not installing? If you still continue to get an error, try using: “sudo apt-get update && sudo… Read more >>


If you scroll down more, there is a command path for if that doesn’t work. Try that path.


Hey Andy thanks so much this is amazing I got it to work but there is still one problem when playing because the Chromebooks don’t have a point lock I can’t fully turn around without hitting the border of my screen do you know how to fix this?


I noticed that the tutorial asks us to grab the .deb file but then the Linux code has us search for .jar

Changing the code to the .deb version made it work for me


It is working until the end when I try to set up java – it is not recognizing apt- does anyone know why?


Search it up


You have too enter the command sudo enter-chroot


Hey ive tried to do this tutorial a few times but everytime ive had troubles with downloading the sudo install -Dt /usr/local/bin -m 755 ~/Downloads/crouton part of the install. It says that some files are missing and it cant finish the total download, is there something on my end or the programs end thats causing this?
It was doing just fine until that part



Thank you for putting this together. It works great, up to a point (for me). Maybe you can help?

After a fresh powerwash, crouton, and xcfe4…minecraft works great. Tons of FPS and flawless gameplay. If I restart the computer, shut down the linux vm, or anything…then minecraft tanks. A bunch of weird black stairs and tearing appear.

Fresh install until restart = perfect
After restart or shutting down = minecraft is at 4fps

Very similar to problems reported below.



I have such a weird error. So upon initial setup, everything works absolutely perfect. Your steps are AMAZING and make it so easy to do. But, after the computer restarts, shuts down, etc. and I restart the linux shell, Minecraft itself gets messed up. The launcher is fine, but the game itself almost looks like screen tearing? I get like 4fps in game. That does NOT happen after a clean install. After a clean/fresh install of everything the computer gets 40 fps in Minecraft (no changes). Only after I have to get back into xfe does it mess up. I… Read more >>


The sign-in is just not accepting my password/email like it just says invalid. Help


Worked the first day, but now I get this weird flickering black areas on my screen when either playing Minecraft on xcfe4, or just when I switch to kde, making it parctically unusable. Can anyone help get rid of this?


I can’t turn developer mode on is there a way to do it without

Meenal Shende
Meenal Shende

Hi, I keep getting “sudo: apt: command not found”, but i already installed linux (and it worked) so i know dev mode works. i am at the step where you update/install java.


This is the same thing for ME!!!!